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Swedish biomass strategies to reduce CO 2 emission and oil use in an EU context
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
Linnaeus University, SE-351 95 Växjö, Sweden.
2012 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 43, no 1, 448-468 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Swedish energy strategies for transportation, space heating and pulp industries were evaluated with a focus on bioenergy use. The aims were to 1) study trade-offs between reductions in CO 2 emission and oil use and between Swedish reductions and EU reductions, 2) compare the potential contributions of individual reduction measures, 3) quantify the total CO 2 emission and oil use reduction potentials. Swedish energy efficiency measures reduced EU CO 2 emission by 45-59 Mt CO 2/a, at current biomass use and constant oil use. Doubling Swedish bioenergy use yielded an additional 40 Mt CO 2/a reduction. Oil use could be reduced, but 36-81 kt of reductions in CO 2 emission would be lost per PJ of oil use reduction. Swedish fossil fuel use within the studied sectors could be nearly eliminated. The expansion of district heating and cogeneration of heat with a high electricity yield were important measures. Plug-in hybrid electric cars reduced CO 2 emission compared with conventional cars, and the difference was larger with increasing oil scarcity. The introduction of black liquor gasification in pulp mills also gave large CO 2 emission reduction. Motor fuel from biomass was found to be a feasible option when coal is the marginal fuel for fossil motor fuel production. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 43, no 1, 448-468 p.
Keyword [en]
Bioenergy strategy; CO 2 emission reduction; EU; Oil use reduction; Sweden
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16715DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2012.03.050ISI: 000305863400045Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84861773262OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-16715DiVA: diva2:546113
Available from: 2012-08-22 Created: 2012-08-17 Last updated: 2015-07-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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Output format
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