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Changing Political Attitudes towards Media Accountability in Sweden
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
2012 (English)In: Central European Journal of Communication, ISSN 1899-5101, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 205-224Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Considering the changes in media and in society that have occurred since the heyday of the Democratic corporatist model, with its strong emphasis on institutionalised self-regulation of the press (Hallin & Mancini, 2004), this article examines changes in attitudes towards media accountability measures among policymakers. Attitudes prevalent in the peak years of political pressure on the media system in the Democratic corporatist countries are compared with the attitudes existing today. The data studied are printed minutes of media debates in the Swedish Parliament in the 196os and similar debates during the last years, Sweden being a typical country for the model. The comparison indicates that both the views on media deficiencies and the views on remedies have changed over the last 40 years. Accountability measures are still in demand, although more through governance than from government.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 5, no 2, p. 205-224
Keywords [en]
media accountability, media criticism, media governance, parliamentary debates, media self-regulation, media responsibility, media regulation
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16663Local ID: DEMICOMOAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-16663DiVA, id: diva2:541458
Note

Accepted for publication by Central European Journal of Communication, fall 2012, forthcoming

Available from: 2012-07-18 Created: 2012-07-18 Last updated: 2012-10-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Understanding Media Accountability: Media Accountability in Relation to Media Criticism and Media Governance in Sweden 1940-2010
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Media Accountability: Media Accountability in Relation to Media Criticism and Media Governance in Sweden 1940-2010
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The concepts of media accountability, media criticism and media governance are analysed and discussed in a Swedish setting; how they relate to each other and interact. This is achieved by using various methods – a survey to editors, analy- ses of parliamentary debates, interviews, direct observation and document stu- dies – in studying different stakeholders, media representatives and governance conditions in Sweden during the last 70 years.

The findings point in a direction of dynamic complexities with a central role for media criticism. The type, level and intensity of media criticism may affect the functioning of the media governance structure and is a vital part of the media accountability process. The media governance structure – which in addi- tion to media criticism is influenced by international conditions, technological developments and political factors – may in turn affect the media accountability process. In this process, media representatives aim to defend obtained positions of societal influence, achieve and maintain positive PR and enhance editorial quality at the same time.

Media criticism may start a substantial media accountability process if the discontent is widespread and not countered by market approval or political iner- tia. The process is facilitated if the critique is connected to more than one frame of accountability and if stakeholders see opportunities for dual objectives. Very strong and widespread media criticism may be difficult for media organizations to neglect.

The accountability process in Sweden has become less dependent on corpora- tive negotiations between organized interests and political assemblies. Instead, two other tendencies seem to have emerged: on the one hand a possibility for media organizations to favour such accountability processes that they are able to control, and on the other hand the rise of a rich variety of sometimes short-lived accountability instruments that may develop for specific occasions and are difficult to control.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2012. p. 68
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 131
Keywords
media criticism, media responsibility, media accountability, media regulation, media governance, public interest
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16679 (URN)DEMICOM (Local ID)978-91-87103-26-1 (ISBN)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Public defence
2012-09-07, Lubbesalen M 108, Åkroken, Sundsvall, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-08-14 Created: 2012-07-31 Last updated: 2013-01-08Bibliographically approved

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von Krogh, Torbjörn

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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