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From Partnerships to Networks: New Approaches for Measuring U.S. National Heritage Area Effectiveness
Conservation Study Institute, National Park Service, VT, USA. (European Tourism Research Institute)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3887-681X
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2010 (English)In: Evaluation review, ISSN 0193-841X, E-ISSN 1552-3926, Vol. 34, no 4, 271-298 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

National Heritage Areas (NHAs) are an alternative and increasingly popularform of protected area management in the United States. NHAs seek tointegrate environmental objectives with community and economicobjectives at regional or landscape scales. NHA designations have increasedrapidly in the last 20 years, generating a substantial need for evaluativeinformation about (a) how NHAs work; (b) outcomes associated with theNHA process; and (c) the costs and benefits of investing public moneys intothe NHA approach. Qualitative evaluation studies recently conducted at 

three NHAs have identified the importance of understanding networkstructure and function in the context of evaluating NHA managementeffectiveness. This article extends these case studies by examiningquantitative network data from each of the sites. The authors analyze thesedata using both a descriptive approach and a statistically more robustapproach known as exponential random graph modeling. Study findingsindicate the presence of transitive structures and the absence of three-cyclestructures in each of these networks. This suggests that these networks arerelatively ‘‘open,’’ which may be desirable, given the uncertainty of the environments in which they operate. These findings also suggest, at least at the sitesreported here, that the NHA approach may be an effective way to activate anddevelop networks of intersectoral organizational partners. Finally, this studydemonstrates the utility of using quantitative network analysis to better understand the effectiveness of protected area management models that rely onpartnership networks to achieve their intended outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 34, no 4, 271-298 p.
Keyword [en]
National Heritage Areas, Protected Area Management, Landscape-Scale Conservation, Evaluation, Social Network Analysis
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16411DOI: 10.1177/0193841X10370668OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-16411DiVA: diva2:532530
Available from: 2012-06-11 Created: 2012-06-11 Last updated: 2012-10-11Bibliographically approved

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Laven, Daniel

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CiteExportLink to record
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