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Evaluating U.S. National Heritage Areas: Theory, Methods, and Application
National Park Service, Conservation Study Institute. (European Tourism Research Institute)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3887-681X
2010 (English)In: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 46, no 2, 195-212 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Like many governmental actors in recent decades, the U.S. National Park Service (NPS) has operatedincreasingly through partnerships with other state andfederal agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs),community groups, and private sector corporations. Perhaps the most salient example of this trend toward partnerships is the rapid growth and development of nationalheritage areas (NHAs). Since the first NHA received congressional designation in 1984, NHAs have become anincreasingly popular strategy for protecting and managinglandscapes. To date, congressional designation has beengranted to 49 NHAs, making them one of the fastestgrowing initiatives involving the NPS. Despite this growth,no prior research has examined the efficacy or effectiveness of the NHA model. This article introduces the NHAconcept, while reviewing the literature on evaluationresearch and its application to protected area management.We then offer an NHA program theory model for evaluating NHAs. The model was developed using a theorybased, process evaluation approach, along with 90 qualitative interviews conducted at three study sites: BlackstoneRiver Valley National Heritage Corridor, MA-RI (BLAC);Delaware and Lehigh National Heritage Corridor, PA(DELE); and Cane River National Heritage Area, LA(CANE). We conclude by discussing the key challengesand implications associated with developing a long-termresearch agenda for evaluating NHAs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 46, no 2, 195-212 p.
Keyword [en]
National Heritage Areas, Evaluation Research, Program Theory Model, Networks
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16409OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-16409DiVA: diva2:532527
Available from: 2012-06-11 Created: 2012-06-11 Last updated: 2012-07-25Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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