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Forest Naturalness in Northern Europe: Perspectives on Processes, Structures and Species Diversity
Univ Latvia, Fac Biol, LV-1586 Riga, Latvia.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
Univ Eastern Finland, Sch Forest Sci, Joensuu, Finland.
Univ Helsinki, Dept Forest Sci, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
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2011 (English)In: Silva Fennica, ISSN 0037-5330, Vol. 45, no 5, 807-821 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Saving the remaining natural forests in northern Europe has been one of the main goals to halt the ongoing decline of forest biodiversity. To facilitate the recognition, mapping and efficient conservation of natural forests, there is an urgent need for a general formulation, based on ecological patterns and processes, of the concept of "forest naturalness". However, complexity, structural idiosyncracy and dynamical features of unmanaged forest ecosystems at various spatio-temporal scales pose major challenges for such a formulation. The definitions hitherto used for the concept of forestnaturalness can be fruitfully grouped into three dimensions: 1) structure-based concepts of natural forest, 2) species-based concepts of natural forest and 3) process-based concepts of natural forest. We propose that explicit and simultaneous consideration of all these three dimensions of naturalness can better cope with the natural variability of forest states and also aid in developing strategies for forest conservation and management in different situations. To become operational, criteria and indicators of forest naturalness need to integrate the three dimensions by combining species (e.g. red-listed-, indicator- and umbrella species) with stand and landscape level structural features that are indicative of disturbance and succession processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 45, no 5, 807-821 p.
Keyword [en]
natural forest; dead wood; biological diversity; disturbances
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16288ISI: 000300809800003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84856661702OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-16288DiVA: diva2:528373
Available from: 2012-05-25 Created: 2012-05-24 Last updated: 2013-02-12Bibliographically approved

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