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Effects of Locomotor Muscle Fatigue on Joint-specific Power Production During Cycling
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. (Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre)
Univ Utah, Dept Exercise & Sport Sci, Salt Lake City, UT USA.
Univ Utah, Dept Exercise & Sport Sci, Salt Lake City, UT USA.
Univ Utah, Dept Internal Med, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA.
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2012 (English)In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, E-ISSN 1530-0315, Vol. 44, no 8, 1504-1511 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT: Previous authors have reported reductions in maximum power after high-intensity cycling exercise. Exercise-induced changes in power produced by ankle, knee, and hip joint actions (joint-specific powers), however, have not been reported. PURPOSE: To evaluate joint-specific power production during a cycling time trial (TT) and also compare pre- to post-TT changes in maximal cycling (MAXcyc) joint-specific powers. METHODS: Ten cyclists performed MAXcyc trials (90rpm) before and after a 10min TT (28810W, 90rpm). Pedal forces and limb kinematics were determined with a force-sensing pedal and an instrumented spatial linkage, respectively. Joint-specific powers were calculated and averaged over complete pedal cycles and over extension and flexion phases. RESULTS: Pedal and joint-specific powers did not change during the TT. Pedal power produced during post-TT MAXcyc was reduced by 323% (P<0.001) relative to pre-TT. Relative changes in ankle plantar flexion (435%) and knee flexion powers (525%) were similar but were greater than changes in knee extension (124%) and hip extension powers (286%) (both P<0.05). Pedal and joint-specific powers produced during post-TT MAXcyc were greater than those powers produced during the final 3s of the TT (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Exercise-induced changes in MAXcyc power manifested with differential power loss at each joint action with ankle plantar flexion and knee flexion exhibiting relatively greater fatigue than knee extension and hip extension. However, changes in MAXcyc joint-specific powers were not presaged by changes in TT joint-specific powers. We conclude that fatigue induced via high-intensity cycling does not alter submaximal joint-specific powers but has distinct functional consequences for MAXcyc joint-specific powers

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 44, no 8, 1504-1511 p.
Keyword [en]
biomechanics; cycle ergometry; multijoint exercise; Muscle fatigue; power loss
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16152DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31824fb8bdISI: 000306526900012PubMedID: 22343616Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84863984131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-16152DiVA: diva2:524348
Available from: 2012-06-08 Created: 2012-05-02 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved

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