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Women as perpetrators of IPV: The experience of Mozambique
Karolinska Institute, Stockholm.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5221-9504
2012 (English)In: Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, ISSN 1759-6599, E-ISSN 2042-8715, Vol. 4, no 1, 5-27 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to examine the occurrence, severity, chronicity, and predictors of inflicted IPV among women visiting the Forensic Services in Maputo city (Mozambique) as victims of IPV by their partner. The study was cross-sectional: the data were collected from 1,442 women over 12 months (consecutive cases) and were analysed with bivariate and multivariate methods. The overall occurrence of inflicted IPV across severity (one or more types) was 69.4 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 44.8±65.8). Psychological aggression was reported by 64 percent of women (chronicity, mean/SD 23.1±32.4); physical assault by 38.2 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 10.3±24.6); sexual coercion by 39.1 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 7.2±16.2); and injuries by 22.6 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 4.2±12.4). Further, 14.5 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 140.2±86.3) of the women used all abuse types against their partners: 18.2 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 113.1±75.9) injury, and psychological and physical abuse; 14.7 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 64.9±64.3) injury, and physical and sexual abuse; 16.3 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 94.1±57.2) injury, and psychological and sexual abuse; and 24.9 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 99.5±72) psychological, physical, and sexual abuse. Controlling behaviours, co-occurring perpetration, abuse as a child, and certain types of own victimization were the more important factors associated with the inflicted abuse. More research into women's experiences of IPV as perpetrators, particularly in relation to co-occurring inflicted abuse, control, and abuse as a child, is warranted in Sub-Saharan Africa. An important limitation here is the lack of a control group (e.g. general population). The present findings may be useful for the development of strategies to prevent/treat IPV in Mozambique. In spite of its limitations, the current study may have provided new insights into women's use of violence against their partners.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 4, no 1, 5-27 p.
Keyword [en]
Abuse as a child, Controlling behaviours, Domestic violence, Intimate partner violence, Own victimization, Socio-economics, Sub Saharan Africa, Women, Women as perpetrators
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-15835DOI: 10.1108/17596591211192966Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84993043323OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-15835DiVA: diva2:489076
Available from: 2012-02-02 Created: 2012-02-02 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved

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Macassa, GloriaSoares, Joaquim J. F.
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