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Coercive treatment & criminal justice; Welfare, temperance and law on compulsory commitment to care for substance misusers - a study on 38 European countries
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5418-9369
2011 (English)In: 13th annual meeting International Society of Addiction Medicine (ISAM). Addiction: Science, Politics and realities. International conference 6-10 September 2011, Oslo, Norway, 2011, 53-53 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Objectives of the study are prevalence and type of law on compulsory commitment to care (CCC) of adult substance misusers in Europe and how such laws are related to variations in demographics, epidemiology in substance misuse and alcohol consumption, temperance culture heritage, health and welfare expenditure, and involvement and role of the state in distribution of welfare. Legal information on law on CCC of misusers was obtained primarily through a survey to 38 European countries. Predictors of law on CCC law, and type of such, are analyzed from country descriptors in multivariate models. The results show that a majority (74 %) of the explored countries have law on CCC. Most common is CCC law within criminal justice legislation (45 %), but civil CCC is almost as frequent (37 %). These two models of CCC legislation are related to differences in cultural heritage and welfare distribution model. The conclusions reached are that temperance cultures, i.e. countries with a heritage of a strong temperance movement, and countries with a Beveridgean distribution of welfare, i.e. through the state, tend to favor civil CCC, while countries with a Bismarckian distribution of welfare, i.e. through insurance with less state interference, tend to favor CCC within criminal justice legislation. It seems that diversity in belief of the state responsibility for citizen’s welfare, i.e. degree of individual responsibility, and cultural history is important for countries choice of CCC legislation, a choice that rests on a paternalistic or a punitive ideal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. 53-53 p.
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-14878OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-14878DiVA: diva2:458569
Conference
13th annual meeting International Society of Addiction Medicine (ISAM). International conference 6-10 September 2011, Oslo, Norway
Note
Accessible through: http://www.terveysportti.fi/kotisivut/sivut.koti?p_sivusto=1534Available from: 2011-11-23 Created: 2011-11-23 Last updated: 2013-12-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf