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Hospital admissions of young persons for illicit drug use or abuse: does neighborhood of residence matter?
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Li Ka Shing Knowledge Inst St Michaels Hosp, Ctr Res Inner City Hlth, Toronto, ON, Canada .
Univ Toronto, Fac Nursing, Dept Psychiat & Publ Hlth Sci, Toronto, ON, Canada .
Umea Univ, Dept Stat, S-90187 Umea, Sweden.
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2011 (English)In: Health and Place, ISSN 1353-8292, Vol. 17, no 2, 551-557 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adolescence constitutes a period of risk for drug use and drug use disorders.  Previous research, largely focused on individual risk factors, has failed to include neighborhood structure in the study of determinants of youth drug abuse. A cohort of 76,693 adolescents ages 13–15 from 586 urban neighborhoods in Sweden were followed up for 12 years, from age 16 to age 28. Multilevel modeling was used to analyze neighborhood variations in hospital admissions due to illicit drug abuse. We found that illicit drug abuse varied by 8% by neighborhood economic status and the risk of being admitted to hospital increased 73% in  low- compared to high-income neighborhoods. Our results suggest that neighborhood of residence in adolescence plays a significant role in predicting future health-related behaviors and that the need for drug abuse interventions at a neighborhood level is compelling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2011. Vol. 17, no 2, 551-557 p.
Keyword [en]
Neighborhood; Mental health; Multilevel method; Urban; Youth
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-13508DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.12.013ISI: 000289339000018PubMedID: 21239211Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79952533877OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-13508DiVA: diva2:409742
Available from: 2011-04-11 Created: 2011-04-11 Last updated: 2011-12-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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