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Method Developed for Quantitative Analysis of Inclusions in Solidified Aluminum Ingots
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3622-4247
2011 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 42, no 1, 121-132 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A deep-etching method was used to determine inclusions in solidified direct chill cast aluminum ingots. The technique was developed to allow easy quantification of the amount and size distribution of inclusions over billet lengths and cross sections. A pressure filtration (Prefil) test also was used to verify molten alloy cleanliness during casting, and the results of these measurements then were compared. The amount and distribution of nonmetallic inclusions were analyzed, as determined using a NaOH deep-etching method over billet lengths and cross sections. A higher inclusion count was observed at both billet ends, with more inclusions located nearer the billet section centerline. Furthermore, the inclusion density in the radial direction at every distance along the billet length was distributed inhomogeneously. Differences were observed between Prefil samples taken at different casting stages. The Prefil curves and metallographic analysis of Prefil residue obtained from melt samples, at an early casting stage or before degassing, indicate more oxides than in a melt sample taken under steady-state casting conditions. A reasonable correlation was established between the number of inclusions in the molten alloy (measured using Prefil and LiMCA) and the etch pits on deep-etched surfaces of billet cross sections. © 2010 THE MINERALS, METALS & MATERIALS SOCIETY and ASM INTERNATIONAL.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 42, no 1, 121-132 p.
Keyword [en]
MOLTEN ALUMINUM; PRESSURE FILTRATION; REMOVAL; ALLOYS
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-12921DOI: 10.1007/s11663-010-9463-4ISI: 000286942500014Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79951516743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-12921DiVA: diva2:383028
Available from: 2011-01-03 Created: 2011-01-03 Last updated: 2011-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Jaradeh, MajedCarlberg, Torbjörn
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