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National Parks and Protected Areas and the Role for Employment in Tourism and Forest Sectors: a Swedish Case
Umeå Universitet.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. (Etour)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3098-1490
Karlstads universitet.
2010 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 15, no 1, p. art 19-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The development of national parks and other protected areas has been widely promoted because of its potential for regional development in peripheral and sparsely populated areas. The argument is that the economic and social benefits seen in national parks in the USA and UK will also occur in the Swedish context in the form of an increased tourism-related labor market. Our aim was to analyze the possibility of such a development both in light of the policy visions of positive regional and local development and from the adversary point of view that protection of land is making it more difficult for 15 sparsely populated mountain municipalities in Sweden to prosper. We used a database covering the entire population of the area for 1991 to 2001. Our results show that factors other than the protected areas are connected to the development of a tourism labor market. The most positively correlated variables for change in tourism employment are population growth and proximity to ski lifts. Positive population development is also correlated to a positive change in the number of people employed in forest sectors. Thus, one of the main outcomes is that the assumed and almost automatic positive relation between nature conservation and tourism can is questionable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 15, no 1, p. art 19-
Keywords [en]
employment; forest sector; forestry; GIS; restructuring in peripheral areas; tourism
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-12528Local ID: ETOUROAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-12528DiVA, id: diva2:376564
Available from: 2010-12-11 Created: 2010-12-11 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Fredman, Peter

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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