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Tannin-iron impregnated thermomechanical pulp: Part I: Effects of extractions and heat on brightness
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. (FSCN - Fibre Science and Communication Network)
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. (FSCN - Fibre Science and Communication Network)
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. (FSCN - Fibre Science and Communication Network)
2004 (English)In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, Vol. 19, no 2, 229-236 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tannins are polyphenolic compounds found mainly in bark. When reacting with iron, they form strongly coloured complexes, which through contamination from the bark may induce a brightness decrease of mechanical pulps. Wood itself contains phenolic compounds, which can form coloured complexes with iron. We have investigated gallotannin as a model for metal-binding sites in the pulp. The behaviour of tannin-iron complexes in solution and in pulp has been studied. In aqueous solution, the tannin-iron complexes can be decolourised by the addition of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA). The colour of the tannin-iron complexes was very pH-dependent. Thus in solution, these were decolourised at low pH and at high pH the spectral characteristics were changed substantially. We have studied the effects on brightness and heatinduced brightness loss of the impregnation of thermomechanical pulp (TMP) with 30 parts per million iron (ppm i.e. mg/kg) either as iron or tannin-iron as well as the possibility to decrease such effects by using various solvent extractions. The tannin-iron impregnation causes a decrease in ISO-brightness of approximately 3% and an increase in the light absorption coefficient (k) by approximately 2 m(2)/kg at the tannin-iron absorbance maximum. 565 run. These effects are approximately ten times higher than those observed for the Pulp only impregnated with iron. Extraction with 1% by weight of DTPA provides a way to reduce the brightness decrease induced by the tanniniron complexes and the observed decrease can be attributed to removal of iron from the pulp. Acid extraction was the most efficient way to reduce the iron content in the pulps and to decoulorise the tannin-iron impregnated pulp. However, after acid extraction of iron impregnated Pulps, new chromophores were evidently formed. Addition of the reducing agent, sulphite, to extractions had no effect on the iron removal or the brightness of the impregnated pulps. The heat-induced brightness loss is not influenced by the addition of tannin-iron or iron. The brightness loss caused by heat was lower for pulps extracted with DTPA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 19, no 2, 229-236 p.
Keyword [en]
Iron Tannin Pulp
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-4727DOI: 10.3183/NPPRJ-2004-19-02-p229-236ISI: 000222092600016Local ID: 907OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-4727DiVA: diva2:29759
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2011-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Friman, LindaHöglund, HansHögberg, Hans-Erik
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