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Skin Conductance Responses to Masked Conditioned stimuli: Phylogenetic/Ontogenetic Factors versus direction of threat?
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9554-4478
Karolinska Institutet; ISCTE, Lisbon, Portugal.
Karolinska Institutet.
2007 (English)In: Biological Psychology, ISSN 0301-0511, E-ISSN 1873-6246, Vol. 74, no 3, p. 328-336Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Evolutionarily old threat stimuli are likely to require less conscious information processing than threat stimuli of a more recent date. To test this proposal two differential conditioning experiments, with biological threat stimuli (e.g. snakes) in half the groups and cultural threat stimuli (e.g. guns) in the other half, were conducted. The conditioned (CS+) and the control (CS−) stimuli were backward masked during the extinction phase to prevent conscious recognition. The differential skin conductance responding for both biological and cultural threat stimuli survived the masking procedure when the conditioned stimuli were directed towards the participants (Experiment 1), but for neither type of CS when stimuli were not directed towards the participants (Experiment 2). These findings are discussed in relation to the previous finding by Öhman and co-workers and in relation to imminence of threat.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 74, no 3, p. 328-336
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-4615DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2006.08.004ISI: 000244553200003Local ID: 2708OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-4615DiVA, id: diva2:29647
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved

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Flykt, Anders

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