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Neighbor reactions against institutions for residence and care: A survey study on Swedish experiences: Presentation (by Arne Gerdner) at the 45th Annual ICAA conference in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, 8-13 December.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8158-0486
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Responsible organisation
2002 (English)Conference paper, (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Local protests against unwanted welfare activities and treatment institutions - so called NIMBY protests (Not In My Back Yard) - have mostly been limited to hypothetical situations or to single case studies. This study however, reports on actual experiences of neighbor reactions in a representative sample of 867 institutions for residence and care in Sweden. It searches for patterns in these reactions, for predictors among client, institutional as well as community factors and for the understanding of the further process after the initial problems. 32% of the responding institutions report at least some negative reactions, including18% that could be described as Nimby reactions. Nimby reactions last longer and involve more people than less articulated community worries. The expressed fears include mostly feelings of insecurity in general, increase of damages and criminal offences, decrease in neighboring estate values and increase in distribution of alcohol and drugs. The strongest reactions started long before the services started to operate, and not due to acute incidents. Positive neighbor reactions were in fact more frequent than negative, also in the cases with strong negative reactions. A number of target group factors, institution factors and community factors were used to predict negative neighbor reactions in a multivariate design. The most important factors seem to be the size of the institution and the type of community, not the characteristics of the client target group. The study also provides information on the strategies developed by institutions to counter negative reactions and the further development of these.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002.
Keyword [en]
NIMBY, residential care, misuse, psychiatric care, community work
National Category
Social Work Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-4226Local ID: 2872OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-4226DiVA: diva2:29258
Available from: 2008-12-16 Created: 2008-12-16Bibliographically approved

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf