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Using biomass for climate change mitigation and oil use reduction
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
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2007 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 35, no 11, 5671-5691 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we examine how an increased use of biomass could efficiently meet Swedish energy policy goals of reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and oil use. In particular, we examine the trade-offs inherent when biomass use is intended to pursue multiple objectives. We set up four scenarios in which up to 400 PJ/year of additional biomass is prioritised to reduce CO2 emissions, reduce oil use, simultaneously reduce both CO2 emission and oil use, or to produce ethanol to replace gasoline. Technologies analysed for using the biomass include the production of electricity, heat, and transport fuels, and also as construction materials and other products. We find that optimising biomass use for a single objective (either CO2 emission reduction or oil use reduction) results in high fulfilment of that single objective (17.4 Tg C/year and 350 PJ oil/year, respectively), at a monetary cost of 130–330 million €/year, but with low fulfilment of the other objective. A careful selection of biomass uses for combined benefits results in reductions of 12.6 Tg C/year and 230 PJ oil/year (72% and 67%, respectively, of the reductions achieved in the scenarios with single objectives), with a monetary benefit of 45 million €/year. Prioritising for ethanol production gives the lowest CO2 emissions reduction, intermediate oil use reduction, and the highest monetary cost.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 35, no 11, 5671-5691 p.
Keyword [en]
biomass, climate change, bioenergy, energy security, oil use reduction, efficient use of biomass
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-4003DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2007.05.023ISI: 000250545300042Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34548774488Local ID: 4448OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-4003DiVA: diva2:29035
Note

VR-Economics

Available from: 2008-11-25 Created: 2008-11-18 Last updated: 2016-09-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On Swedish bioenergy strategies to reduce CO2 emissions and oil use
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Swedish bioenergy strategies to reduce CO2 emissions and oil use
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Mid Sweden University, 2011. 230 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 111
Keyword
bioenergy, climate change mitigation, energy supply security, CO2 emissions, oil use, energy system analysis, transportation, building heating, pulp mills, Sweden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-13868 (URN)978-91-86694-46-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-09-06, Q221, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-06-09 Created: 2011-05-30 Last updated: 2012-08-03Bibliographically approved

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Gustavsson, LeifHolmberg, JonasDornburg, VeronicaSathre, RogerEggers, ThiesMahapatra, KrushnaMarland, Gregg
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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