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Industrial symbiosis in the former Soviet Union
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
Responsible organisation
2006 (English)In: Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal, ISSN 1476-8917, E-ISSN 1478-8764, Vol. 3, no 4, 379-392 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this contribution we discuss the context, theory and significance of industrial symbiosis in the former Soviet Union, drawing information from original documents in Russian as well as international scientific literature. We describe the Soviet concepts of 'combined production', present from the earliest years of the Soviet Union, and 'waste-free technology', introduced in the final decades before collapse. We show that Soviet scientists were familiar with such elements of modern industrial ecology as the analogy between natural and industrial ecosystems, and the need for a diverse range of actors within an industrial ecosystem. Although the potential environmental benefits of industrial symbiosis were eventually recognised, Soviet planners pursued industrial symbiosis primarily as a means to increase production. We provide examples of Soviet implementation of industrial symbiosis in various industrial sectors. We then discuss strengths, weaknesses, possibilities and limitations of Soviet industrial symbiosis, and draw possible lessons for modern industrial ecology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 3, no 4, 379-392 p.
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-3827DOI: 10.1504/PIE.2006.011743Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33947720815Local ID: 4609OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-3827DiVA: diva2:28859
Available from: 2008-11-18 Created: 2008-11-18 Last updated: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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Sathre, Roger
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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