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A possible contributor to the higher degree of girls reporting psychological symptoms compared with boys in grade nine?
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2148-8044
Responsible organisation
2005 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 380-385Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: It is a recurrent finding that adolescent girls report psychological symptoms in a higher degree compared with boys. The explanations for this difference vary, but the psychosocial school environment has never been a focus in these explanations. The aim of this study was to analyse whether psychosocial factors at school were associated with a high degree of psychological symptoms among boys and girls in grade nine, with a special focus on sexual harassment. Methods: The study was based on a cross-sectional study including 336 pupils (175 girls and 161 boys) in grade nine (about 15 years old), who answered an extensive questionnaire. The non-response rate was negligible (<1%). Logistic regression analysis was used to analyse whether school-related factors (teacher support, classmate support, sexual harassment), body image, and parental support were associated with a high degree of psychological symptoms. Results: Sexual harassment at school was associated with a high degree of psychological symptoms among girls. Conclusions: Sexual harassment must be acknowledged as a negative psychosocial school environmental factor of importance for the high degree of psychological ill-health symptoms among girls compared with boys.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 15, no 4, p. 380-385
Keywords [en]
sexual harassment, teacher support, classmate support, demands. body image, adolescents
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-3589DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/cki097ISI: 000231922000010Local ID: 3690OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-3589DiVA, id: diva2:28621
Note
VR-HealthAvailable from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2009-06-07 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Gillander Gådin, Katja

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Output format
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