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Endurance Training and Sprint Performance in Elite Junior Cross-Country Skiers
Nord Trondelag Univ Coll, Dept Sport & Phys Educ, Levanger, Norway .
Nord Trondelag Univ Coll, Dept Sport & Phys Educ, Levanger, Norway .
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. (Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3814-6246
2011 (English)In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, E-ISSN 1533-4287, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 1299-1305Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between aerobic characteristics and sprint performance, and the effects of high-intensity endurance training in cross-country skiing. Ten male and five female elite junior cross-country skiers performed an 8-week intervention training period. The intervention group (IG, n = 7) increased the volume of high-intensity endurance training performed in level terrain, whereas the control group (CG, n = 8) continued their baseline training. Before and after the intervention period, the skiers were tested for 1.5 km time-trial performance on roller skis outdoors in the skating technique. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and oxygen uptake at the ventilatory threshold (VO2VT) were measured during treadmill running. VO2max and VO2VT were closely related to sprint performance (r = ~0.75, both p < 0.008). The IG improved sprint performance, VO2max and VO2VT from pre to post-testing, and improved sprint performance and VO2VT when compared to the CG (all p < 0.01). This study shows a close relationship between aerobic power and sprint performance in cross-country skiing, and highlights the positive effects of high-intensity endurance training in level terrain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 25, no 5, p. 1299-1305
Keywords [en]
aerobic, high-intensity, oxygen uptake, speed, ventilatory threshold
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-10875DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d82d11ISI: 000289772000016PubMedID: 21081854Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79960091275OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-10875DiVA, id: diva2:284350
Projects
Integrative Physiologi & BiomechanicsApplied Training Theory in SportsAvailable from: 2010-01-06 Created: 2010-01-06 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Holmberg, Hans-Christer

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