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The Physiology of World Class Sprint Skiers
Human Movement Science Programme, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. (Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3814-6246
Human Movement Science Programme, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
Human Movement Science Programme, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 21, no 6, p. e9-e16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigated the physiological characteristics of eight world class (WC) and eight national class (NC) Norwegian sprint cross-country skiers. To measure physiological response and treadmill performance, the skiers performed a submaximal test, a peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak) test, and a peak treadmill speed (Vpeak) test in the skating G3 technique. Moreover, the skiers were tested for G3 acceleration outdoors on asphalt and maximal strength in the lab. The standard of sprint skating performance level on snow was determined by FIS points, and the training distribution was quantified. WC skiers showed 8%higher VO2peak and twice as long VO2 plateau time at the VO2peak test, and higher gross efficiency (GE) at the submaximal test (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, WC skiers showed 8%higher Vpeak (P < 0.05), but did not differ from NC skiers in acceleration and maximal strength. WC skiers performed more low and moderate-intensity endurance training and speed training (both P < 0.05). The current results indicate that aerobic capacity, efficiency and high speed capacity differentiate WC and NC sprint skiers and are strong determinants of sprint performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 21, no 6, p. e9-e16
Keywords [en]
endurance athletes, high-intensity training, low-intensity training, maximal speed, middle distance sport, moderate-intensity training, speed training
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-10872DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01117.xISI: 000297985400002PubMedID: 20500558Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79958107171OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-10872DiVA, id: diva2:284347
Projects
Integrative Physiologi & BiomechanicsAvailable from: 2010-01-06 Created: 2010-01-06 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Sandbakk, ØyvindHolmberg, Hans-Christer

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