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Different types of compression clothing do not increase sub-maximal and maximal endurance performance in well-trained athletes
Institute of Training Science and Sport Informatics, German Sport University, Köln, Germany.
German Research Centre of Elite Sport, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf, 50933 Köln, Germany.
German Research Centre of Elite Sport, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf, 50933 Köln, Germany.
University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.
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2010 (English)In: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 609-614Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effects of three textiles with increasing compressive surface were compared with non-compressive conventional clothing on physiological and perceptual variables during sub-maximal and maximal running. 15 well-trained endurance athletes (mean ± s, age: 27.1 ± 4.8 years, VO2max 63.7 ± 4.9 ml∙min-1∙kg-1) performed four sub-maximal (~70%VO2max) and maximal tests with and without different compression stockings, tights, and whole body compression suits. Arterial lactate concentration, oxygen saturation and partial pressure, pH, oxygen uptake and ratings of muscle soreness were recorded before, during, and after all tests. Additionally, time to exhaustion was assessed. Sub-maximal (P = 0.22) and maximal oxygen uptake (P = 0.26), arterial lactate concentration (P = 0.16; 0.20), pH (P = 0.23; 0.46), oxygen saturation (P = 0.13; 0.26) and oxygen partial pressure (P = 0.09; 0.20) did not differ between the types of clothing (effect sizes = 0.00-0.45). Ratings of perceived exertion (P = 0.10; 0.15), muscle soreness (P = 0.09; 0.10) and time to exhaustion (P = 0.16) were also unaffected by the different clothing (effect sizes = 0.28-0.85). For the first time, the effect on endurance performance of different types of compression clothing with increasing amount of compressive surface was evaluated. Overall, there were no performance benefits when using the compression garments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, Trevor & Francis group , 2010. Vol. 28, no 6, p. 609-614
Keywords [en]
lactate, oxygen uptake, rating of perceived exertion, textile, time to exhaustion
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-10865DOI: 10.1080/02640410903582768ISI: 000277547200004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77951226587OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-10865DiVA, id: diva2:284342
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Integrative Physiologi & BiomechanicsIntegrative Human PhysiologyAvailable from: 2010-01-06 Created: 2010-01-06 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Holmberg, Hans-Christer

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