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General strength and kinetics: fundamental to sprinting faster in cross country skiing?
Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg & Christian Doppler Laboratory, Salzburg, Austria.
Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg & Christian Doppler Laboratory, Salzburg, Austria.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. (Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre)
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
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2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 791-803Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To determine relationships between general strength, maximal skiing speed (16 male elite skiers underwent three double poling, diagonal stride and V2 on a treadmill. The analyzed skiing speeds and leg and arm kinetics were among the highest ever recorded. Relationships between general strength exercises and Power output in bench press and bench pull were related to maximum was related to V2. Isometric squats were not associated with height and rate of force development during squat jump Vmax), pole and leg kinetics and kinematics,Vmax tests inVmax were technique dependent.Vmax in DP and diagonal stride, whereas each 1 repetitionVmax in all three techniques, whereas jump were. Analysis of kinetics and kinematics revealed that it was not exclusively the magnitude of applied forces during skiing, but the timing and proper instant of force application were major factors discriminating between faster and slower skiers. For all techniques, the faster skiers used different skiing strategies when approaching with the slower skiers. General strength and power Vmax when compared per se  seem not to be major determinants of performance in elite skiers, whereas coordination of these capacities within the different and complex skiing movements seems to be the discriminating factor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 21, no 6, p. 791-803
Keywords [en]
1RM, diagonal stride, double poling
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-10813DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01078.xISI: 000297985400065Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-82455186914OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-10813DiVA, id: diva2:283939
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Integrative Physiologi & BiomechanicsAvailable from: 2010-01-02 Created: 2010-01-02 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Ainegren, MatsAinegren, MatsHolmberg, Hans-Christer

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