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Comparison of seven measures of sickness absence-based on data from three counties in Sweden
Karolinska institutet.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Linköpings universitet.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
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2006 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 26, no 4, 421-428 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective was to compare the applicability of and results provided by the two measures of sickness absence used most often within the Swedish social insurance administration (that is, unadjusted sick-leave rate and adjusted sick-leave rate) and five measures suggested by epidemiological researchers. Data consisted of four cross-sectional data sets of registry sick-leave data covering four separate years (1997-2000) in three counties. In total 454,000 persons qualified for sickness insurance and aged 20-64 years were included. The two measures used within the social insurance administration and three of the five measures suggested by epidemiological researchers revealed sex-related dissimilarities in absence patterns that indicated that women had more sickness absence than men. However, in marked contrast to those results, two of the epidemiologically based measures (i.e., length of sickness absence and duration of sickness absence) instead showed highly comparable rates of sick leave for men and women, and such information is seldom obtained, albeit definitely of importance, when trying to make a correct assessment of sickness absence. The measure of sickness absence that is used influences the findings and should therefore be chosen with care. Complementing the measures used in the social insurance administration by five measures suggested by epidemiological researchers provided a more informative and comprehensive picture of sickness absence in a population. Further investigations into the effect of using different measures is needed, as well as international consensus on what to call different measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 26, no 4, 421-428 p.
Keyword [en]
Sickness absence
Keyword [sv]
Rehabiliteringsvetenskap
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-3262PubMedID: 16788261Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33745208705Local ID: 3822OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-3262DiVA: diva2:28294
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2016-09-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Sickness absence: Aspects of measurement, impact of the labour market and effects of intervention
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sickness absence: Aspects of measurement, impact of the labour market and effects of intervention
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, 2006. 63 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 10
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-8877 (URN)91-85317-22-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-05-18, Sundsvall, 00:00 (English)
Available from: 2009-05-06 Created: 2009-05-06 Last updated: 2014-10-03Bibliographically approved

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Goine, HansMarnetoft, Sven-Uno
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Citation style
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