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Occupation and unemployment rates as predictors of long term sickness absence in two Swedish counties.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Responsible organisation
1998 (English)In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, Vol. 47, no 1, 25-31 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study was aimed to describe the prevalence of long term sickness absence in common male and female occupations and to determine the relative importance of unemployment rates for sickness absence. The prevalence of long term sick leave was investigated among 12 male and female occupations (N = 84,319) in two counties of Sweden. The age-adjusted sickness absence rate ranged between 0.5 and 9.5% among women and between 1.2 and 9.1% in men. When controlling for age and occupation there was no relationship between unemployment rates and sickness absence rate among females. Among males, however, an inverse relationship between unemployment rates and long term sickness absence was found. An unemployment rate of 6.1% or higher was associated with a relative risk for sickness absence of 0.4 compared with reference level 1.0 in the group with the lowest unemployment rate (0-1.1%). There was a strong positive correlation between age and absenteeism. Musculoskeletal symptoms was the dominating diagnostic group in all age groups Knutsson A, Goine H. Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umea University, Sweden. The study was aimed to describe the prevalence of long term sickness absence in common male and female occupations and to determine the relative importance of unemployment rates for sickness absence. The prevalence of long term sick leave was investigated among 12 male and female occupations (N = 84,319) in two counties of Sweden. The age-adjusted sickness absence rate ranged between 0.5 and 9.5% among women and between 1.2 and 9.1% in men. When controlling for age and occupation there was no relationship between unemployment rates and sickness absence rate among females. Among males, however, an inverse relationship between unemployment rates and long term sickness absence was found. An unemployment rate of 6.1% or higher was associated with a relative risk for sickness absence of 0.4 compared with reference level 1.0 in the group with the lowest unemployment rate (0-1.1%). There was a strong positive correlation between age and absenteeism. Musculoskeletal symptoms was the dominating diagnostic group in all age groups. PMID: 9683376 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 47, no 1, 25-31 p.
Keyword [en]
absenteeism, sickness absence, unemployment
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2848DOI: 10.1016/S0277-9536(97)10139-3PubMedID: 9683376Local ID: 3023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-2848DiVA: diva2:27880
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2009-07-13 Last updated: 2009-09-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Sickness absence: Aspects of measurement, impact of the labour market and effects of intervention
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sickness absence: Aspects of measurement, impact of the labour market and effects of intervention
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, 2006. 63 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 10
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-8877 (URN)91-85317-22-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-05-18, Sundsvall, 00:00 (English)
Available from: 2009-05-06 Created: 2009-05-06 Last updated: 2014-10-03Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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