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Manufacturing of fiber composite Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) based on annual plant fiber and Urea Formaldehyde Resin
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3407-7973
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
Responsible organisation
2004 (English)In: Proceedings of ICECFOP1: 1st International Conference on Environmentally-Compatible Forest Products, EDICOES UNIV FERNANDO PESSOA , 2004, 131-147 p.Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Production of fiber composite materials such as Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) and particleboard (PB) is in general based on wood as a raw material. However, cereal straws and other annual agriculture waste materials have regained an interest as a potential raw material for production of MDF. The cereal straws are among the most common lignocellulosic materials that are easily accessible, non-expensive and renewable. The aim of this investigation was to produce high performance MDF based on wheat straw and urea formaldehyde (UF) resin. The usage of UF-resin for wheat straw MDF-panels has so far resulted in acceptable strength properties but poor moisture resistance and thickness swelling (TS). Application of melamine modified UF-resin for wood based MDF has improved the moisture resistance of produced MDF panels. In this investigation two commercial melamine modified UF-resins were used as binders (adhesives) in the production of wheat straw MDF. Hammer milled wheat straw was treated with water and sulfuric acid (0.6 %) before refining. The reason was to improve the curing, conditions of the UF-resins by a reduction of the pH and the pH-buffering capacity of refined wheat straw fiber. Refining of wheat straw was performed at slightly lower pressure and retention time compared with refining of wood material. However, a lot of fines and dust (wheat straw fibers < 0.5 mm) were generated during refining. A hi-h resin content of the melamine modified UF-resin was necessary (15 %) to compensate for the high ratio of wheat straw fines and dust. Final panel properties of wheat straw MDF could meet the requirements of the MDF standard (EN 622-5:1997), including the TS. Strength properties as internal bond (IB) and modulus of rupture (MOR) were increased as a function of density. Thickness swelling was reduced as a function of density. The usage of wheat straw as a raw material in combination with a melamine modified UF-resin, as an adhesive, is a possible route for manufacturing of high performance Medium Density Fiberboard.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EDICOES UNIV FERNANDO PESSOA , 2004. 131-147 p.
Keyword [en]
wheat straw, mdf, UF
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2585ISI: 000229498100011Local ID: 1932ISBN: 972-8830-23-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-2585DiVA: diva2:27617
Conference
1st International Conference on Environmentally-Compatible Forest Products, Sep 22-24, 2004, Oporto, Portugal
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2009-01-19 Last updated: 2011-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Halvarsson, SörenNorgren, MagnusEdlund, Håkan
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