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Cardiovascular Change in Elderly Male Breath-hold Divers (Ama) and their Socio-economical Background at Chikura in Japan.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
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1998 (English)In: Applied Human Science;Journal of Physiological Anthropology, ISSN 1341-3473, Vol. 17, no 5, 181-187 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Ama have existed for more than 2000 years in Japan and Korea. They have been diving for seaweed and molluscs. Their traditional way of fishing, with goggles or a mask, but without a wetsuit, is still practised as a result of laws against overfishing. We investigated cardiovascular diving responses, expressed as heart rate (HR) reduction, peripheral vasoconstriction indicated by skin blood flow (SkBF) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) during breath-hold face immersion in a group of eight elderly male Ama at Chikura, Japan. Their data were compared to those from three other groups: a) elderly non-divers; b) young divers and c) young non-divers. Our previous studies have shown that young divers show a more pronounced bradycardia than young non-divers. The present study of elderly Ama and elderly non-divers was performed to investigate if this difference persists in old age. We found that, in spite of many years of diving experience, HR reduction of the elderly professional divers observed during face immersion did not differ from that of elderly non-divers, but it was much less pronounced than in the two younger groups. We conclude that even if a well-developed diving response at young age has been reduced to the level of non-divers, the Ama are still able to continue their work of diving in old age. Ama that has been a traditionally female occupation, is mostly practised by men at Chikura today. No young have been recruited for this profession. Therefore, the present Ama are senior and the traditional breath-hold diving will probably cease to exist in the near future. The probable reasons for these changes are discussed

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 17, no 5, 181-187 p.
Keyword [en]
Cardiovascular Change
National Category
Microbiology Sport and Fitness Sciences Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2420Local ID: 1608OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-2420DiVA: diva2:27452
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2011-01-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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