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Distribution and mobilization of Al, Fe and Si in three podzolic soil profiles in relation to the humus layer.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
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2000 (English)In: Geoderma, ISSN 0016-7061, E-ISSN 1872-6259, Vol. 94, no 2-4, 249-263 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The mobilization of Al, Fe and Si in podzols is often associated with the weathering of silicate minerals in the E horizon, downward migration, and their accumulation lower in the soil profile. This study investigated Al, Fe, and Si concentrations in soil water (centrifugation samples) and estimated leaching losses from the humus layer in comparison with those in the mineral E and B horizon. Concentrations of total soluble Al and Fe in soil water were higher in the O and E horizons than in B horizon samples, but not significantly different between the two uppermost horizons. Si concentrations were higher in the E than in the O horizon. The amount of Al and Fe leaching from the E horizon (i.e. input to the B horizon) compared to amount leaching from the O horizon (i.e. the input to the E horizon) ranged from 92% to 163%. Calculated leaching losses from the lower B horizon were less than 3% of the input to the B horizon. The results suggest that a large part of the illuviated Al and Fe in the Bs horizon is derived from the O horizon. Similar values for the Si ranged from 56% to 61% (comparing E horizon output with E horizon input). Budget estimates available for one of the investigated podzols indicated that biocycling via above-ground litter explained < 12% of the estimated annual input of Al and Fe to the forest floor. Inputs of Al and Fe due to upward flow of capillary water accounted for about 26% of the Al and Fe in the O layer. The results show that there is a considerable pool of Si Al, Fe in the humus layer. This pool plays an important part in the present day biogeochemical cycling of these elements in podzolic soils. Several mechanisms possibly involved in the transfer of Al, Fe and Si from the mineral soil to the humus layer are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 94, no 2-4, 249-263 p.
Keyword [en]
podzol, Aluminium, E horizon, Humus layer, Iron, Leaching, Mobilization, Podzolisation, Silica
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2389DOI: 10.1016/S0016-7061(99)00057-9ISI: 000085352500011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0033975805Local ID: 2046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-2389DiVA: diva2:27421
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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