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Cardiovascular and respiratory responses to apneas with and without face immersion in exercising humans
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
2004 (English)In: Journal of applied physiology, ISSN 8750-7587, E-ISSN 1522-1601, Vol. 96, no 3, 1005-1010 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effect of the diving response on alveolar gas exchange was investigated in 15 subjects. During steady-state exercise (80 W) on a cycle ergometer, the subjects performed 40-s apneas in air and 40-s apneas with face immersion in cold (10degreesC) water. Heart rate decreased and blood pressure increased during apneas, and the responses were augmented by face immersion. Oxygen uptake from the lungs decreased during apnea in air (-22% compared with eupneic control) and was further reduced during apnea with face immersion (-25% compared with eupneic control). The plasma lactate concentration increased from control (11%) after apnea in air and even more after apnea with face immersion (20%), suggesting an increased anaerobic metabolism during apneas. The lung oxygen store was depleted more slowly during apnea with face immersion because of the augmented diving response, probably including a decrease in cardiac output. Venous oxygen stores were probably reduced by the cardiovascular responses. The turnover times of these gas stores would have been prolonged, reducing their effect on the oxygen uptake in the lungs. Thus the human diving response has an oxygen-conserving effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 96, no 3, 1005-1010 p.
Keyword [en]
apnea
National Category
Microbiology Sport and Fitness Sciences Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2310DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01057.2002ISI: 000188763400026Local ID: 1530OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-2310DiVA: diva2:27342
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2011-04-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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  • asciidoc
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