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Och sen var det bara att sluta...-en kvalitativ studie om motivation för att nå till ett rökstopp
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Abstrakt Tobak har varit den mest lönsamma konsumentprodukten i världen under mycket lång tid. Nikotinet medför att människor blir beroende både fysiologiskt och psykologiskt. Rökning har relaterats till olika sjukdomstillstånd och är idag den enskilt största orsaken till för tidig död. I Sverige leder rökningen varje år till ett betydande antal för tidiga dödsfall. Rökning är ett stort folkhälsoproblem. De flesta har dock en vilja att sluta röka. Motivation och vilja har visat sig vara nödvändigt för att nå ett rökstopp. Syftet var att beskriva före detta rökares tankar om motivation för att göra rökstopp och att sedan vidmakthålla detta rökstopp. Metoden som användes var en kvalitativ intervjustudie. Tio före detta rökare intervjuades och en ostrukturerad intervjumetod valdes. Intervjuerna analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att rökstoppet var en process där motivationen sågs i tre olika faser. De olika faserna var motivation för att förebereda beslut om rökstopp, motivation för att ta beslut om rökstopp samt motivation för att vidmakthålla rökstopp. I de olika faserna identifierades känslor som osäkerhet där exempelvis behovet av stöd framkom. Egenmakt handlade om att bestämma sig och frihetskänslor visade bland annat stolthet och oberoende. Slutsatsen blev att motivationen för att nå ett rökstopp grundades på flera olika faktorer och varierade från individ till individ och över tid.

         Nyckelord: folkhälsoproblem, motivation, rökstopp, tobak.

         

Abstract [en]

Abstract Tobacco has been the most profitable consumer product in the world for a very long time. Nicotine makes people addicted, both physiologically and psychologically. Smoking has been related to various diseases and is today the single largest cause of premature death. In Sweden, a significant number of premature deaths are caused each year due to smoking. Smoking is a major public health problem. Most people have a desire to stop smoking. Motivation and willingness have been shown to be necessary to reach a smoking cessation. The aim was to describe the former smokers' views on motivation to quit and then maintain that smoking cessation. The method used was a qualitative interview study. Ten former smokers were interviewed and an unstructured interview method was chosen. The interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The results showed that smoking cessation was a process in which motivation was seen in three different phases. The different phases were motivation to prepare a decision on quitting smoking, motivation to make decisions about smoking cessation, and motivation for maintaining smoking cessation. The various phases were identified feelings of uncertainty, where for example the need for support was found. Empowering was about how to determine their freedom and how feelings were revealed and among other things, pride and independence. Conclusion was that the motivation to reach a smoking cessation was based on several factors, varying from individual to individual and over time.

Keywords: motivation, public health problem, smoking cessation, tobacco.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , p. 23
Keyword [en]
motivation public health problem smoking cessation tobacco
Keyword [sv]
folkhälsoproblem motivation rökstopp tobak
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-10059OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-10059DiVA, id: diva2:272869
Presentation
Mittuniversitetet hus L, Campus, Östersund (Swedish)
Uppsok

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Available from: 2010-05-28 Created: 2009-10-18 Last updated: 2010-05-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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