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Critical Factors Influencing Loss of Time after Shooting - A Case Study Performed During the 2008 IBU Biathlon World Championships
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development. (Sportstech)
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development. (Sportstech)
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development. (Sportstech)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5954-5898
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering and Sustainable Development. (Sportstech)
2009 (English)In: The Impact of Technology on Sport III, 2009, p. 33-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The final result during a biathlon race is a composition of skiing, shooting and in some cases penalty time or rounds. One of the most decisive parts of the competition is the shooting component. The shooting component itself can be subdivided into separate parts: Actions just before shooting, the shooting itself and actions after the shooting. In the case of a slow approach to the firing line partially caused by dismounting of ski poles, time loss is tactically accepted by some skiers – heart rate decreases and a mental focus can be obtained. A slow departure from the firing line and the subsequent loss of time is on the contrary absolutely not desirable. A part of the lost time after shooting is observed to be related to mounting the ski poles. Modern ski poles can be divided into three groups of strap systems: 1. Simple loop; 2. Strap with Velcro fastener; 3. Click-in (typically Leki).

The paper presents a case study aimed at finding how the ski pole strapping system influences time loss after shooting. The study was performed during the IBU Biathlon World Championship 2008 in Östersund, Sweden. Time measurements were made over a defined distance allowing the athletes to approach cruising speed after the last shot in a series. The measurements for each athlete have been normalized relative his/her racing performance. The results clearly indicate time differences between strap systems. In some cases the differences could mean achieving podium place or not.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. p. 33-37
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-10056ISBN: 978-1-921426-39-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-10056DiVA, id: diva2:272793
Available from: 2009-10-16 Created: 2009-10-16 Last updated: 2010-12-29Bibliographically approved

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Bäckström, MikaelKuzmin, LeonidRännar, Lars-ErikWiklund, Håkan

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