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Photobiological characteristics and photosynthetic UV responses in two Ulva species (Chlorophyta) from southern Spain.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
2003 (English)In: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B: Biology, ISSN 1011-1344, E-ISSN 1873-2682, Vol. 72, no 1-3, 35-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effect of different wavebands of artificial UV (UVB and UVA) and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) was assessed in two species of the genus Ova, U. olivascens and U rotundata, from southern Spain in order to test for possible differences in acclimation of photosynthesis. Both species share similar morphology but are subject to different light environments: U. rotundata is an estuarine alga, inhabiting subtidal locations, while U. olivascens is an intertidal, sun-adapted organism. Algae were exposed to three different UV conditions, PAR + UVA + UVB, PAR + UVA and PAR for 7 d. Short-term exposure (6 h) was also carried out, using two PAR levels, 150 and 700 mumol m(-2) s(-1). Pigment contents and photosynthesis vs. irradiance curves from oxygen evolution were used to contrast sun- and shade adaptation between these species. O-2-based net photosynthesis (P-max) and PAM-chlorophyll fluorescence (optimal quantum yield, F-v/F-m) were used as parameters to evaluate photoinhibition of photosynthesis in the experiments. The results underline different photobiological characteristics among species: the subtidal U rotundata had higher contents of pigments (Chl a, Chl b and carotenoids) than the sun-adapted U olivascens, which resulted in higher thallus absorptance and P-I parameters characterized by higher photosynthetic efficiency at limiting irradiances (alpha) and lower saturating points for photosynthesis (E-k). After 7 d exposure, photoinhibition of F-v/F-m was close to 40-45% in both species. Differences between UV treatments were seen in U. rotundata after 5 0 and after 7 d in U olivascens, in which PAR + UVA impaired strongly photosynthesis (80%). Such patterns were correlated with a progressive decrease in pigment contents, specially chlorophylls. In short-term (6 h) exposures, combinations of UVA + UVB and high PAR level resulted in high rates of photoinhibition of chlorophyll fluorescence (68-92%) in U rotundata, whereas in U. olivascens photoinhibition ranged between 42% and 53%. Photoinhibition under low PAR combined to UV radiation was lower than observed under high PAR. Net O-2-P-max revealed similar response among the species, with maximal photoinhibition rates close to 60% in algae incubated under high PAR + UVA + UVB. In the case of UV exposure in combination with low PAR, the highest photoinhibition rates were measured in U. rotundata. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 72, no 1-3, 35-44 p.
Keyword [en]
algae, photosynthesis, motility, ultraviolet radiation, Euglena gracilis, wood-ash
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2154DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2003.09.002ISI: 000187218900005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0345099393Local ID: 1370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-2154DiVA: diva2:27186
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2016-10-05Bibliographically approved

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Nygård, CharlottaEkelund, Nils
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CiteExportLink to record
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