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A modelling study on cellulose particle pyrolysis under fluidized-bed conditions.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
2008 (English)In: Progress in thermochemical biomass conversion: [based on papers delivered to the Fifth International Conference on Thermochemical Biomass Conversion], Oxford: Blackwell science , 2008, 1091-1106 p.Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

To study biomass pyrolysis processes, a numerical model is developed in this work focusing on the cellulose constituent. A single cellulose particle is supposed to experience pyrolysis at a fairly high heating rate in the case of typical fluidized bed conditions. The model involves the pyrolytic kinetic scheme and the detailed heat and mass transfers caused by radiation, conduction, diffusion and convection with respect to the solid, liquid and gas products from pyrolysis. From the solution of the model, the central role of the reaction heat versus a slow heat supply through the particle is identified. The dynamic characteristic of the pyrolysis and the evolutions of the internal pressure and the flow of the products are analyzed quantitatively. Computation of the model shows the importance of particle permeability, whereas the liquid phase of active cellulose and inter-particle secondary reaction of volatile play a negligible role during the pyrolysis under a typical fluidized bed conditions both for small and large particles. Various predictions by the model provide a good understanding of the complex process of biomass pyrolysis, which can be useful for applications of thermochemical conversions of biomass.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Blackwell science , 2008. 1091-1106 p.
Keyword [en]
Cellulose particle pyrolysis; Cellulose particle pyrolysis; Gas velocity; Heat flux; Internal relative pressure
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2133DOI: 10.1002/9780470694954.ch88Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84949211033Local ID: 1199ISBN: 978-047069495-4 ISBN: 0632055332 (print)ISBN: 978-063205533-3 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-2133DiVA: diva2:27165
Conference
Fifth International Conference on Thermochemical Biomass Conversion
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2016-09-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf