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Perspectives on Differences in Perceived External Stress: A Study of Women and Men with Coronary Heart Disease
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7256-349X
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2002 (English)In: Stress and health, ISSN 1532-3005, Vol. 18, no 3, 105-118 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Focuses on diiversities among women and men rare, and few studies have focused on gender differences in psychosocial factors and coronary heart disease. The present study is one of a series in which a wide range of psychosocial factors will be analysed with a focus on women. We compared women with men as regards the impact of educational level and occupational position on differences in perceived external stress. A questionnaire (The Stress Profile) was answered by 538 rehabilitation paricipants (97 women, 441 men), and a reference group (5308 women, 5177 men), aged 40-65 years. Generally, women reported a higher value of perceived external stress than men. Most interesting, however, are the patterns of differences that emerged when women and men were compared in different subgroups. Women with upper secondary school education and women in white-collar positions reported significantly higher levels of perceived external stress than men in the respective groups. When using common multivariate methods and adjusting for gender a great deal of information can be lost, and adjusting for gender makes it more difficult to find the true effect of exposures. It is only by regarding women and men separately that it is possible to link their very different working conditions and experience of stress to different health effects and vice versa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 18, no 3, 105-118 p.
Keyword [en]
Coronary heart disease, Diversity, Gender, Psychosocial stress
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-1135DOI: 10.1002/smi.931ISI: 000177459000002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0036345120Local ID: 58OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-1135DiVA: diva2:26167
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2016-10-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf