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What’s the meaning of the concept of caring?: a meta-synthesis
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences. Nyköpings sjukhus; Uppsala Universitet.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3907-2197
2020 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: Registered Nurses are expected to have acquired knowledge about the fundamental concepts within nursing science throughout their training and clinical work. However, the terminology and the concept of caring are debated; therefore, there is a need for a continuous critical investigation of scientific concepts within the area of nursing. Objectives: To illuminate nurses’ perception about the meaning of the scientific concept of caring. Design: A qualitative systematic literature search was performed that subsequently underwent a descriptive meta-synthesis in line with Deborah Finfgeld’s descriptive meta-synthesis methodology. Data sources/review method: Scientific articles published between 1 January 2003 and 25 January 2018 were identified and retrieved from CINAHL and PubMed. Each included study was assessed and critically appraised. Data were extracted, analysed and coded into categories resulting in four different themes in accordance with descriptive meta-synthesis. Results: Four themes emerged in the analysis: ‘To be’, ‘To want’, ‘To be able to’ and ‘To do’. These comprise different aspects within physical and metaphysical dimensions where simultaneously interact and influence each other. Conclusion: There are central elements to the practice of caring that are separated in their simplicity but at the same time coherent, where no part can exist without the others in the practice of caring. There are shortcomings concerning current nursing theories, nursing philosophies and organisational documents related to varied aspects based on what is included in the practice of caring. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [en]
caring, meta-synthesis, nursing, nursing philosophy, nursing theory, qualitative research
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38928DOI: 10.1111/scs.12850Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85083069695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-38928DiVA, id: diva2:1425406
Available from: 2020-04-21 Created: 2020-04-21 Last updated: 2020-04-21

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Sebrant, LovisaJong, Mats

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