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PERCIVAL: Possible applications in X-ray micro-tomography
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2020 (English)In: Journal of Instrumentation, ISSN 1748-0221, E-ISSN 1748-0221, Vol. 15, no 2, article id C02007Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

X-ray computed micro-tomography (μCT) is one of the most advanced and common non-destructive techniques in the field of medical imaging and material science. It allows recreating virtual models (3D models), without destroying the original objects, by measuring three-dimensional X-ray attenuation coefficient maps of samples on the (sub) micrometer scale. The quality of the images obtained using μCT is strongly dependent on the performance of the associated X-ray detector i.e. to the acquisition of information of the X-ray beam traversing the patient/sample being precise and accurate. Detectors for μCT have to meet the requirements of the specific tomography procedure in which they are going to be used. In general, the key parameters are high spatial resolution, high dynamic range, uniformity of response, high contrast sensitivity, fast acquisition readout and support of high frame rates. At present the detection devices in commercial μCT scanners are dominated by charge-coupled devices (CCD), photodiode arrays, CMOS acquisition circuits and more recently by hybrid pixel detectors. Monolithic CMOS imaging sensors, which offer reduced pixel sizes and low electronic noise, are certainly excellent candidates for μCT and may be used for the development of novel high-resolution imaging applications. The uses of monolithic CMOS based detectors such as the PERCIVAL detector are being recently explored for synchrotron and FEL applications. PERCIVAL was developed to operate in synchrotron and FEL facilities in the soft X-ray regime from 250 eV to 1 keV and it could offer all the aforementioned technical requirements needed in μCT experiments. In order to adapt the system for a typical tomography application, a scintillator is required, to convert incoming X-ray radiation (∼ tens of KeV) into visible light which may be detected with high efficiency. Such a taper-based scintillator was developed and mounted in front of the sensitive area of the PERCIVAL imager. In this presentation we will report the setup of the detector system and preliminary results of first μCTs of reference objects, which were performed in the TomoLab at ELETTRA. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 15, no 2, article id C02007
Keywords [en]
Computerized Tomography (CT) and Computed Radiography (CR), Image processing, Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes (solid, gas and liquid scintillators), X-ray detectors
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38704DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/15/02/C02007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85081200731OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-38704DiVA, id: diva2:1416730
Available from: 2020-03-25 Created: 2020-03-25 Last updated: 2020-03-25Bibliographically approved

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Graafsma, Heinz

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