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A bottom-up 'Convention-Check' to improve top-down global protected area governance
Department of Conservation Biology, Vegetation and Landscape Ecology, Faculty Centre for Biodiversity, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Austria.
2011 (English)In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 877-886Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper introduces the so-called 'Convention-Check' as a new bottom-up approach of assessing the contribution of large-scale protected areas to the implementation of Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) that are introduced from the top down. The assessment consists of three major sub-sequential parts: the current contribution of a protected area to the implementation of the MEAs, recommendations for improvements and - through an ex-post-evaluation - the impact of the recommendations provided. The Convention-Check is carried out in a total of ten methodical working steps. A very first application of the method is presented based on the example of an Austrian National Park. In this example, a Convention-Check was carried out using five MEAs and was evaluated after two years. The results show that there is great variability regarding the number and intensity of implementation measures already taken by the different levels of governance addressed. Potential reasons and perspectives for the example situation, as well as possibilities for future improvement of the method and its global application on large scale protected areas, are discussed. A significant and causal impact of the Convention-Check towards improved protected area governance is already shown by the Austrian example after two years. The Convention-Check combines different working methods from social as well as natural sciences in a new way. Its innovative approach is designed to overcome deadlocks in the top-down implementation of MEAs by means of bottom-up initiatives out of large scale protected areas, and aims to contribute towards improved global protected area governance. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 28, no 4, p. 877-886
Keywords [en]
Bern Convention, CBD, CMS, Laws, Nature conservation treaty, Regulations, bottom-up approach, environmental assessment, environmental legislation, governance approach, implementation process, national park, nature conservation, protected area, regulatory framework, top-down approach, Austria
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38017DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2011.03.004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79957880936OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-38017DiVA, id: diva2:1378711
Available from: 2019-12-13 Created: 2019-12-13 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Mauerhofer, Volker

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • de-DE
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