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Legal framework for biosphere reserves as learning sites for sustainable development: A comparative analysis of Ukraine and Sweden
Faculty of Forest Sciences, School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 43, 730 91 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden.
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
International Organizations Center Pacifico-Yokohama, United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies (UNU-IAS), 1-1-1 Minato Mirai, Nishi-ku, Yokohama 220-8502, Japan.
Faculty of Forest Sciences, School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 43, 730 91 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 174-187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Biosphere Reserve (BR) concept aims at encouraging sustainable development (SD) towards sustainability on the ground by promoting three core functions: conservation, development, and logistic support. Sweden and Ukraine exemplify the diverse governance contexts that BRs need to cope with. We assessed how the BR concept and its core functions are captured in national legislations. The results show that the core functions are in different ways reflected in legal documents in both countries. While in Ukraine the BR concept is incorporated into legislation, in Sweden the concept is used as a soft law. In Ukraine managers desired stronger legal enforcement, while in Sweden managers avoided emphasis on legislation when collaborating with local stakeholders. Hence, BR implementation have adapted to different political cultures by development of diverse approaches. We conclude that a stronger legal support might not be needed for BRs, rather SD needs to be recognized as an integrated place-based process at multiple levels. © 2013 The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 42, no 2, p. 174-187
Keywords [en]
Adaptive governance, Conservation, Development, Formal institution, Informal institutions, biosphere, comparative study, law enforcement, national planning, national strategy, nature reserve, stakeholder, sustainable development, article, environmental protection, learning, legal aspect, social control, Sweden, Ukraine, Conservation of Natural Resources, Social Control, Formal
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38012DOI: 10.1007/s13280-012-0373-3Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84878380063OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-38012DiVA, id: diva2:1378705
Available from: 2019-12-13 Created: 2019-12-13 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Mauerhofer, Volker

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