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Multifunctional floodplain management and biodiversity effects: a knowledge synthesis for six European countries
Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research, Division of Conservation Biology, Vegetation Ecology and Landscape Ecology, University of Vienna, Rennweg 14, Vienna, 1030, Austria.
Botanical Environmental & Conservation Consultants Ltd., Dublin, Ireland.
Institute of Ecology and Botany, Centre for Ecological Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Vácrátót, Hungary.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany.
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2016 (English)In: Biodiversity and Conservation, ISSN 0960-3115, Vol. 25, no 7, p. 1349-1382Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
Hållbar utveckling
Abstract [en]

Floodplain ecosystems are biodiversity hotspots and supply multiple ecosystem services. At the same time they are often prone to human pressures that increasingly impact their intactness. Multifunctional floodplain management can be defined as a management approach aimed at a balanced supply of multiple ecosystem services that serve the needs of the local residents, but also those of off-site populations that are directly or indirectly impacted by floodplain management and policies. Multifunctional floodplain management has been recently proposed as a key concept to reconcile biodiversity and ecosystem services with the various human pressures and their driving forces. In this paper we present biophysics and management history of floodplains and review recent multifunctional management approaches and evidence for their biodiversity effects for the six European countries Ireland, the Netherlands, Germany, Slovakia, Hungary and the Ukraine. Multifunctional use of floodplains is an increasingly important strategy in some countries, for instance in the Netherlands and Hungary, and management of floodplains goes hand in hand with sustainable economic activities resulting in flood safety and biodiversity conservation. As a result, biodiversity is increasing in some of the areas where multifunctional floodplain management approaches are implemented. We conclude that for efficient use of management resources and ecosystem services, consensual solutions need to be realized and biodiversity needs to be mainstreamed into management activities to maximize ecosystem service provision and potential human benefits. Multifunctionality is more successful where a broad range of stakeholders with diverse expertise and interests are involved in all stages of planning and implementation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands , 2016. Vol. 25, no 7, p. 1349-1382
Keywords [en]
Ecosystem services, Flood protection, Green infrastructure, River Regulation, River restoration, Water framework directive, anthropogenic effect, biodiversity, economic activity, ecosystem service, environmental policy, flood control, floodplain, knowledge, policy implementation, river management, service provision, stakeholder, Europe
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37991DOI: 10.1007/s10531-016-1129-3Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84973163990OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-37991DiVA, id: diva2:1377795
Available from: 2019-12-12 Created: 2019-12-12 Last updated: 2019-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Mauerhofer, Volker

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