miun.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The Introduction Of Programming In Compulsory School: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System Science. (Forum för digitalisering (FoDi) , HEEL)
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System Science.
2019 (English)In: ICERI2019 Proceedings, Valencia, Spain: IATED , 2019, Vol. 12Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As in many other countries, the Swedish Government have decided to digitalise the school system with programming as an important component. The implementation of programming in the Swedish school system is planned to take place in a short period of time. In the subjects of mathematics and technology, teachers are supposed to use programming as a tool for problem solving in their daily teaching. However, programming is a discipline in which most mathematic and technology teachers in compulsory school lack knowledge and skills. The aim of this study was to identify and discuss opportunities and obstacles for teachers in the process of involving programming as a teaching and learning tool in mathematics. The investigation of opportunities and obstacles was aligned to studies of the plans for school management, and to the plans for the municipality regarding the introduction of programming in K-12 education.

This study was conducted as a qualitative cross-sectional study conducted during the time period for the introduction of programming in the Swedish schools. To get a snapshot of the current situation data was gathered by semi-structured interviews with three teachers, a school leader and a digitalisation strategist. Informants were selected in a purposive sample, with the idea of interviewing persons with knowledge that could help to meet the research aim.

Findings shows that several factors affect the introduction of programming in the daily teaching and learning activities. There are external factors such as government decisions, curricula and the municipality's digitalisation strategies, and also school management decisions, functioning technology and infrastructure. Other found factors were teaching tools, teachers’ lack of time, and their need for professional development. Teachers are largely dependent on further professional development as they perceive programming to be an almost entirely new topic.

Recommendations to facilitate the introduction of programming in compulsory school are:

1) Allocate time for teachers to study programming and for joint reflection and discussion on programming,

2) Provide clear information about what teachers are expected to learn in their professional training,

3) Teacher support on how to cope with the increased amount of programming content in their teaching and finally,

4) Guidance to find new teaching and learning tools that can help teachers to use programming in a meaningful way in mathematics and technology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Valencia, Spain: IATED , 2019. Vol. 12
Keywords [en]
Programming, Programming education, Programming in compulsory school, Programming in mathematics, Teacher training
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37664ISBN: 978-84-09-14755-7 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-37664DiVA, id: diva2:1369720
Conference
12th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation, Sevilla, Spain, 11-13 November, 2019
Available from: 2019-11-12 Created: 2019-11-12 Last updated: 2019-11-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Authority records BETA

Mozelius, Peter

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Mozelius, PeterHoff, Camilla
By organisation
Department of Computer and System Science
Learning

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 12 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf