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Press coverage of 'fake news' in election campaigning: The US and Sweden in a comparative perspective
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science. (DEMICOM)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4082-3349
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article compares the press coverage of fake news during the 2018 midterm election campaign in the United States and 2018 parliamentary election campaign in Sweden. We specifically investigate what the news media in the two countries refer to when they use the term ‘fake news’. In addition, we examine the main aspects of the issue of discussed in the news media reports. Moreover, we analyse the angles from which the news media in Sweden and in the US present the problem of fake news. The study draws from the theory framing and journalistic culture and uses the quantitative content analysis method. The results show that the press in both countries use the term fake news to refer to strategic falsehood shared on social media. Furthermore, the findings demonstrate an overall consistency and homogeneity in the Swedish press reporting about the instigators, channels of propagation, narratives and purposes of fake news while the US press reporting is characterized by significant divergences. Finally, the outcome of the study reveals that the phenomenon of fake news in presented in the Swedish press as a problem of radical right groups, whereas in the US press it is framed as a Russian attack on the country’s institutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Fake news, press coverage, election campaigning, framing, The US, Sweden, journalistic culture
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37195OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-37195DiVA, id: diva2:1350383
Conference
Nordmedia 2019 - Communication, Creativity & Imagination- Challenging the Field Malmö, August 21-23, 2019
Available from: 2019-09-11 Created: 2019-09-11 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved

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Nounkeu Tatchou, Christian

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf