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The interactive role of worried mood and trait anxiety in the selective processing of subliminally presented threat words
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1508-9621
2006 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 41, no 7, 1195-1204 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was threefold: (a) to replicate the finding by MacLeod and Rutherford (1992) that low trait-anxious individuals, in contrast to high trait-anxious individuals, show a selective attention away from subliminally presented threat words at elevated levels of stress; (b) to test the hypothesis that this effect is due to individuals with repressive coping-style rather than true low trait-anxious individuals; and (c) to study the stability of Stroop interference over time. Both social threat and physical threat words were used. Although some support was found for the first hypothesis, there was no evidence that this effect was due to individuals with repressive coping-style. Finally, Stroop interference showed very little test–retest stability from the first to the second testing session, indicating that it is heavily influenced by temporary cognitive-emotional states, and that it should not be treated as a trait variable. Unexpectedly, high defensiveness predicted a decrease in worried mood from session 1 to session 2.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 41, no 7, 1195-1204 p.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-8310DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2006.03.026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-8310DiVA: diva2:134238
Available from: 2009-01-19 Created: 2009-01-19 Last updated: 2011-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Jansson, BillyLundh, Lars-Gunnar

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