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A systematic review examining whether community-based self-management programs for older adults with chronic conditions actively engage participants and teach them patient-oriented self-management strategies
Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; Radboud University Medical Center and HAN University of Applied Sciences, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.
Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
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2019 (English)In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 102, no 12, p. 2162-2182Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To identify whether community-based Self-Management Programs (SMPs) actively engaged, or taught, individuals patient-oriented strategies; and whether having these attributes led to significant differences in outcomes. Methods: This systematic review included randomized controlled trials (RCTs)and cluster RCTs reporting on community-based SMPs with a group component for older adults with chronic conditions. The ways SMPS actively engaged participants and whether they taught patient-oriented strategies were analyzed. All study outcomes were reported. Results: The 31 included studies demonstrated community-based SMP programs actively engaged participants and provided strategies to improve health behaviour or care of their condition. Few included strategies to help manage the impact of conditions on their everyday lives. Seventy-nine percent of studies reported significant differences; variations in sample sizes and outcomes made it difficult to conclude whether having these attributes led to significant differences. Conclusion: SMPs are not supporting older adults to use strategies to address the impact of conditions on their everyday lives, addressing the needs of older adults with multiple conditions, nor assessing outcomes that align with the strategies taught. Practice implications: Health-care providers delivering SMPs to older adults need to tailor programs to the needs of older adults and assess whether participants are using strategies being proposed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 102, no 12, p. 2162-2182
Keywords [en]
Chronic condition management, Older adults, Self-management programs, Systematic review
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36836DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2019.07.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-36836DiVA, id: diva2:1342172
Available from: 2019-08-13 Created: 2019-08-13 Last updated: 2019-11-11Bibliographically approved

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Audulv, Åsa

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  • apa
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Output format
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