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Acting on observed social exclusion and pro-social behaviour in autism spectrum disorder
Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Lisboa, Portugal; Institut de Neurosciences de la Timone, Marseille, France.
Service de Pédopsychiatrie, Marseille, France.
Institut de Neurosciences de la Timone, Marseille, France; Service de Pédopsychiatrie, Marseille, France.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work. Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Lisboa, Portugal.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5403-0091
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2019 (English)In: Autism, ISSN 1362-3613, E-ISSN 1461-7005Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Humans are commonly motivated towards cooperation and prosociality. In this study, we examined this motivational predisposition in autistic individuals. Using an adaptation of the Cyberball paradigm, we investigated subsequent pro-social behaviour after witnessing social exclusion. Participants witnessed and played a series of Cyberball games, rated their affective state and valued emotional faces with respect to their approachability. Results showed that participants from both groups were aware of the social exclusion. However, while neurotypically developing participants engaged in pro-social behaviour in reaction to the exclusion, autistic participants showed less alterations, in terms of either behaviour or affective state. The current findings suggest a distinct motivational drive and processing of social reward stimuli in autism, which may result in behavioural responses divergent from typical development when engaging in the social world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
autism spectrum disorder, motivation drive, observed social exclusion, pro-social behaviour, social reward
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36833DOI: 10.1177/1362361319857578OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-36833DiVA, id: diva2:1342068
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved

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Esteves, Francisco

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