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Protected areas as attractions
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. (ETOUR)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8682-0442
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences. (ETOUR)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3098-1490
2007 (English)In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 34, no 4, 839-854 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores protected areas as attractions and their influence on tourists’ behavior. The importance of differing protection status (national parks, world heritage sites, and biosphere reserves) is discussed. Data come from surveys conducted in protected areas in the Swedish mountain region. The results show that protection status matters to tourists, and it affects the decision to visit the area, but to a variable degree among the study sites. It is concluded that different protected area labels function as touristic markers but that the name national park has a stronger effect on tourists than the labels of world heritage site and biosphere reserve.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 34, no 4, 839-854 p.
Keyword [en]
behavior, markers, attraction systems, Swedish mountains
Keyword [sv]
Turism, turismforskning
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-8115DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2007.03.011ISI: 000250738100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34548771724Local ID: ETOUROAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-8115DiVA: diva2:133275
Note

VR-Environmental studies

Available from: 2009-01-08 Created: 2009-01-08 Last updated: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tourism attractions and land use interactions: Case studies from protected areas in the Swedish mountain region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tourism attractions and land use interactions: Case studies from protected areas in the Swedish mountain region
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of human geography, 2006. 36 p.
Series
Vetenskapliga bokserien / European Tourism Research Institute, 2006:16
Keyword
nature-based tourism, impacts, management, wilderness, reindeer
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-954 (URN)ETOUR (Local ID)ETOUR (Archive number)ETOUR (OAI)
Presentation
2006-03-07, Stockholm, 00:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-07-27 Created: 2009-07-14 Last updated: 2013-12-17Bibliographically approved
2. Protected Attractions: Tourism and Wilderness in the Swedish Mountain Region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Protected Attractions: Tourism and Wilderness in the Swedish Mountain Region
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Europe’s first national parks were established in northern Sweden in 1909 and this region has thus functioned as a protected and aesthetic pleasure landscape for a century. In 1996, due to the combination of spectacular natural environment and ancient Sami traditions the Laponian World Heritage Area was established here. In spite of local cultural history and contemporary land use practices, the Swedish northern mountains are often described as remnants of the pristine and as wilderness – defined as the opposite to culture – and for many, wilderness is an unproblematic category of nature. With a focus on touristic use of protected areas, this thesis examines the role of different interests, including power relations, in shaping dominant descriptions of landscapes. Investigated themes include how landscape values are expressed, interpreted and explained by visitors, as well as the influence of different ideas underlying nature conservation. Results show that tourists visit the mountains to experience nature, wilderness, and scenery, and to feel mental relaxation. The existence of marked hiking trails and facilities at tourist cabins are also of importance. The attractiveness of the mountains includes the combination of comfortable conditions and a perceived untouched landscape. Tourists perceive the area as wilderness and – at the same time – filled with tourist facilities and Sami culture such as reindeer herding activities. It is found that the perception of the mountains as a wild and scenic natural landscape has not changed much during the last century. In this thesis, the concept of wilderness is problematized and contested since it produces images and values that have unrecognized effects on how we perceive and manage landscapes, including their cultural attributes. This thesis applies a critical realism approach to conceptualize landscapes.

Abstract [sv]

I avhandlingen görs en analys av hur olika aktörer uppfattar, begreppsliggör och använder landskap. Det är en viktig del i att öka vår förståelse om rumsliga och tidsmässiga processer som påverkar landskapet. I norra Sverige inrättades Europas första nationalparker 1909. Trots kulturhistoria och dagens markanvändning beskrivs fjällen i norra Sverige ofta som vildmark. I denna sammanläggningsavhandling undersöks den turistiska användningen av skyddade områden och betydelsen av olika intressen i formandet av bilder av landskapet i Norrbottensfjällen. De huvudsakliga teman som undersöks är hur landskapets värden uttrycks, tolkas och förklaras av turister, liksom inverkan av olika idéer som ligger till grund för naturvården. Utifrån enkäter och intervjuer samt genom jämförelser med andra områden och över tiden, analyseras turisternas karaktäristika, deras beteenden och motiv till besök samt deras uppfattningar om landskapet.

 

Resultaten visar bland annat att turister besöker fjällen för att uppleva natur och vildmark samt för mental avkoppling. Turister uppfattar landskapet i norra Sverige som vildmark samtidigt som de uppskattar turistanläggningar med service, den samiska kulturen och renskötseln. Fjällens attraktion består av en kombination av service och orört landskapet. Resultaten visar att synen på fjällen som vildmark och naturlandskap i stort inte förändrats under det senaste århundradet. I denna avhandling problematiseras och ifrågasätts begreppet vildmark eftersom det skapar vissa bilder och värderingar om hur vi uppfattar och hanterar landskap.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2009. 52 p.
Series
Meddelanden från Kulturgeografiska institutionen, 140
Keyword
Turism, turismforskning
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-10584 (URN)ETOUR (Local ID)ETOUR (Archive number)ETOUR (OAI)
Public defence
2009-10-02, Stockholm, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defence, the following paper had an other title: Changes in Visitor Demand: Interyear Comparisons of Swedish Hikers' Characteristics, Preferences and Experiences

Available from: 2009-12-09 Created: 2009-12-08 Last updated: 2014-09-10Bibliographically approved

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