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Epidemiology of hip and groin injuries in Swedish male first football league
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. (Swedish Winter Sport Research Centre)
Stockholm Sports Trauma Research Centre, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
Linnaeus University, Kalmar.
2019 (English)In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, ISSN 0942-2056, E-ISSN 1433-7347Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the incidence, pattern, and burden of hip/groin injuries in Swedish professional male football players over five consecutive seasons. Methods: Injury history from 16 football teams in the Swedish male first football league was evaluated during five consecutive seasons. The team’s medical staff recorded team exposure and time-loss injuries prospectively between 2012 and 2016. Results: In total, 467 time-loss injuries located in the hip/groin area were recorded among 1,687 professional male football players, with an overall incidence and burden of 0.82/1,000 h and 15.6/1,000 h, respectively. There appeared to be an increased risk of hip/groin injuries during the last two seasons (2015–2016); however, the difference was not statistically significant (n.s). Recurrent injury rate was relatively low (14%), and overuse injuries accounted for the majority of injuries and absence days. Muscle injuries were the main injury type, while kicking and sprinting/running were the primary causes of injury. Goalkeepers had the lowest percentage of injuries and absence days. Conclusion: Hip/groin injuries are a substantial problem in football, but does not seem to be an increasing phenomenon in the Swedish male first football league. Index and overuse injuries accounted for the majority of injuries and absence days. Thus, the focus should be on preventing hip/groin injuries to lower the injury rate. These new findings should be taken into consideration when designing and implementing preventive training interventions. Level of evidence: II. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Burden, Incidence, Injury rate, Professional, Risk factors, Soccer
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36201DOI: 10.1007/s00167-019-05470-xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-36201DiVA, id: diva2:1317437
Note

First Online: 20 March 2019

Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved

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