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Emotional Impact and Perceived Effectiveness of Text-Only versus Graphic Health Warning Tobacco Labels on Adolescents
Inst Super Manuel Teixeira Gomes ISMAT, Lisbon, Portugal.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5403-0091
Univ Granada, Granada, Spain.
ISCTE Inst Univ Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.
2019 (English)In: The Spanish Journal of Psychology, ISSN 1138-7416, E-ISSN 1988-2904, Vol. 22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study of smoking in adolescence is of major importance as nicotine dependence often begins in younger groups. Tobacco health warnings have been introduced to inform people of the negative consequences of smoking. This study assessed the emotions and perceived effectiveness of two formats of tobacco warnings on adolescents: Text-only versus graphic warning labels. In addition, we analyzed how emotions predicted their perceived effectiveness. In a cross-sectional study, 413 adolescents (131 smokers, 282 non-smokers) between 13-20 years of age rated their emotions (valence and arousal) and perceived effectiveness towards a set of tobacco warnings. Results showed that graphic warnings evoked higher arousal than text-only warning labels (p =.038). Most of the warning labels also evoked unpleasantness with smokers reporting higher unpleasantness regarding text-only warnings compared to non-smokers (p =.002). In contrast, perceived effectiveness of the warnings was lower in smokers than in non-smokers (p =.029). Finally, high arousal and being a non-smoker explained 14% of the variance of perceiving the warnings more effective. Given the role that warnings may play in increasing health awareness, these findings highlight how smoking status and emotions are important predictors of the way adolescents consider tobacco health labels to be effective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 22
Keywords [en]
adolescents, emotions, perceived effectiveness, tobacco health labels
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36196DOI: 10.1017/sjp.2019.20ISI: 000466306000002PubMedID: 30994083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-36196DiVA, id: diva2:1317415
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved

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Esteves, Francisco

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CiteExportLink to record
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