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Reinforcing Spirals at Work?: Mutual Influences between Selective News Exposure and Ideological Leaning
University of Gothenburg.
Göteborgs Universitet. (Demokratiinstitutet Demicom)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5964-102X
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The growth of partisan news sources has raised concerns that people will increasingly select attitude-consistent information, which lead to increasing political polarization. Thus far, there is limited research on the long-term mutual influences between selective exposure and political attitudes. This study therefore investigates the reciprocal influences between selective exposure and political attitudes over several years, using a three-wave panel survey conducted in Sweden 2014–2016. More specifically, we analyse how ideological selective exposure to both traditional and online news media influences citizens’ ideological leaning. Findings suggest that (1) people seek-out ideologically consistent print news and online news, and (2) such attitude-consistent news exposure reinforces citizens’ ideological leaning over time. In practice, however, such reinforcement effects are hampered by (3) relatively low overall ideological selective exposure and a (4) significant degree of cross-cutting news exposure online. These findings are discussed in light of selective exposure theory and reinforcing spirals model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
selective exposure, reinforcing spirals model, political polarization, political ideology
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35874DOI: 10.1177/0267323119830056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-35874DiVA, id: diva2:1299332
Conference
Annual Conference of the International Communication Association, Prague, Czech Republic, 24-28 May, 2018
Note

PLEASE NOTE: The final version of this paper was published as: – Dahlgren, Peter M., Shehata, Adam & Strömbäck, Jesper (2019). Reinforcing Spirals at Work? Mutual Influences between Selective News Exposure and Ideological Leaning. European Journal of Communication, online early.

Available from: 2019-03-26 Created: 2019-03-26 Last updated: 2019-06-05Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(314 kB)53 downloads
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Strömbäck, Jesper

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf