miun.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Recent Kinematic and Kinetic Advances in Olympic Alpine Skiing: Pyeongchang and Beyond
Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Tromso, Norway. (Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3814-6246
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 10, no FEB, article id 111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Alpine skiing has been an Olympic event since the first Winter Games in 1936. Nowadays, skiers compete in four main events: slalom, giant slalom, super-G and downhill. Here, we present an update on the biomechanics of alpine ski racers and their equipment. The technical and tactical ability of today's world-class skiers have adapted substantially to changes in equipment, snow conditions and courses. The wide variety of terrain, slopes, gate setups and snow conditions involved in alpine skiing requires skiers to continuously adapt, alternating between the carving and skidding turning techniques. The technical complexity places a premium on minimizing energy dissipation, employing strategies and ski equipment that minimize ski-snow friction and aerodynamic drag. Access to multiple split times along the racing course, in combination with analysis of the trajectory and speed provide information that can be utilized to enhance performance. Peak ground reaction forces, which can be as high as five times body weight, serve as a measure of the external load on the skier and equipment. Although the biomechanics of alpine skiing have significantly improved, several questions concerning optimization of skiers' performance remain to be investigated. Recent advances in sensor technology that allow kinematics and kinetics to be monitored can provide detailed information about the biomechanical factors related to success in competitions. Moreover, collection of data during training and actual competitions will enhance the quality of guidelines for training future Olympic champions. At the same time, the need to individualize training and skiing equipment for each unique skier will motivate innovative scientific research for years to come.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 10, no FEB, article id 111
Keywords [en]
downhill, giant slalom, performance, super-G, tactics, technique
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35803DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2019.00111ISI: 000459161800001PubMedID: 30842740Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065901187OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-35803DiVA, id: diva2:1296965
Available from: 2019-03-18 Created: 2019-03-18 Last updated: 2019-07-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2668 kB)120 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2668 kBChecksum SHA-512
0b8ca2e922ce6ab008d39828b90768bf22e25b9f612a6332f34a8111706043834a9bb0e0f55f973a6af6c2d77f584a640f957877b5857570b78b0ebdad6e3e4b
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Authority records BETA

Holmberg, Hans-Christer

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Holmberg, Hans-Christer
In the same journal
Frontiers in Physiology
Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 120 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 125 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf