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Comparison of different aluminium casting processes from an environmental perspective: Case study on plaster mould castings produced in Mid Sweden
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

While Aluminium has lots of unique properties and is seen as a material of the future, its production and manufacturing has significant environmental impacts. For complex and dimensional shapes casting remains the main manufacturing method and in this study the environmental pressure of different casting techniques is compared. A screening LCA is conducted to determine the environmental impacts of plaster mould castings in a case study at the Ventana Hackås AB foundry in Mid Sweden. The findings are compared to models of sand, pressure die and lost wax castings, based on literature datasets.

The most relevant factors for the environmental performance are identified as the production of the aluminium alloy and the amount and source of energy. For plaster mould castings additionally the plaster consumption is significant, while lost wax castings are dominated by the mould production and general processes. Under similar circumstances a relatively similar performance was found for all casting techniques except the lost wax process, which is at least 3 times more emission intensive. Of the remaining techniques pressure die castings performed the best and plaster mould castings the worst, but different sources of uncertainties have been identified in this comparison. In addition a carbon footprint interface is created based on these findings, to enable specific comparisons of different casting method setups. Customizable variables allow the adaptation of three scenarios to real world conditions. As the main influencing factors the aluminium alloy, source of electricity and casting technique have been identified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Abiotic Depletion Potential; Acidification potential; Aluminium; Carbon Footprint; Casting; Comparison; Eutrophication; Foundry; Global Warming Potential; GWP100a; LCA; Life Cycle Assessment; Lost Wax Casting; Ozone Depletion Potential; Photochemical Oxidation Potential; Plaster Mould Casting; Plaster of Paris; Sand Casting; Pressure Die Casting; Screening LCA; Sweden
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35659Local ID: MX-V18-A2-010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-35659DiVA, id: diva2:1289236
Subject / course
Environmental Engineering MM1
Educational program
International Master's Programme in Ecotechnology and Sustainable Development NEKAA 120 higher education credits
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Note

2018-10-10

Available from: 2019-02-15 Created: 2019-02-15 Last updated: 2019-02-15

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fulltext(4851 kB)21 downloads
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Schaub, Henning
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf