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Effects of UV-B radiation on growth and motility of four phytoplankton species
Dept of Plant Physiology, Lund Univ..
1990 (English)In: Physiologia Plantarum: An International Journal for Plant Biology, ISSN 0031-9317, Vol. 78, 590-594 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer would result in an increased UV-B radiation, which could have harmful effects on marine organisms. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of an enhanced UV-B radiation (280–320 nin) on the motility and growth in four Swedish phytoplanklon species. The different plankton species were exposed to different doses of UV-B radiation during growth. The growth of the motile dinoflagellates, Gyronidium aureolum Hulburt (Ba 6), and Prorocentrum minimum (Pav.) P. Schiller (Ba 12), was more sensitive to UV-B radiation than the non-motile diatoms Dityhim brightwellii (P. West) Grun (Ba 15) and Phaeodactylum tricornutum Bohlin (Ba 16). One week of UV-B radiation 2 h daily (159 J m−2 day−1), had a dramatic effect on the growth of the dinoflagellates, while the diatoms were nearly unaffected. On the other hand, when given higher intensity of UV-B radiation (312, 468 and 624 J m−2 day−1) during the initial phase of growth, also the growth of the diatom, D. brightwellii, was inhibited. Not only the growth but also the swimming speed of the dinoflagellates C. aureolum and P. minimum were affected by UV-B radiation. The speed decreased rapidly after 1–2 h of UV-B radiation (312 J m−2 day−1), and after longer irradiation times the dinoflagellates lost their motility. G. aureolum exposed to UV-B radiation, regained normal speed after two weeks of visible light.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1990. Vol. 78, 590-594 p.
Keyword [en]
Dityhim brightwellii • growth • Gyronidium aureolum • motility • Pliaeo-ilactyliim trieornulum • phytoplanklon • Prorocentrum minimum • UV-B radiation
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-7545DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1990.tb05246.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-7545DiVA: diva2:127694
Available from: 2008-12-10 Created: 2008-12-09 Last updated: 2009-11-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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More styles
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