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Influence of UV-B radiation and nitrogen starvation on daily rhythms of phototaxis and cell shape in Euglena gracilis
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
1994 (English)In: Physiologia Plantarum: An International Journal for Plant Biology, ISSN 0031-9317, Vol. 92, no 3, 501-505 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The flagellate Euglena gracilis Klebs strain Z shows phototaxis and changes cell shape between oblong and round. Both cell events show daily rhythmicity. Phototaxis was highest about 2 h after light onset with a second peak of activity 9 h later. At the same times, the cells were in their most oblong shape. During the night phase the cells were phototactically inactive and round. These rhythms were altered by environmental stress, e.g. UV-B radiation (280–320 nm) and nitrogen deficiency. Artificial UV-B radiation of 0.5 W m−2 caused a loss in phototaxis hut the peak of activity occurred at the same time as for control cells. The transition from round to oblong cell shape was slower after UV-B radiation, but the difference between the roundest and the most oblong cell shape was unchanged. Nitrogen deficiency caused a total loss of phototaxis and the cells remained round all the time. The cells lost all their chlorophyll and were, therefore, photosynthetically inactive.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 92, no 3, 501-505 p.
Keyword
Euglena gracilis, Cell shape • circadian rhythm • Euglena graciliy • nitrogen-deficiency • photosynthesis • phototaxis • UV-B radiation
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-7538DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1994.tb08842.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-7538DiVA: diva2:127686
Available from: 2008-12-10 Created: 2008-12-09 Last updated: 2008-12-10Bibliographically approved

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